An Iraqi woman walks her produce-filled wheel barrel across the street in front of delegates from the House Appropriations Committee for Foreign Operations as they walk through the "fish market" in the Shababkhar neighborhood.

European Neighborhood Policy is a potent tool for liberalization.

Making Democracy Work

October 2011, Number 02.04

“The European Union has a crucial role to play in the coming weeks and months in order to consolidate the transition to democracy in Tunisia and Egypt, as well as in other Arab Mediterranean countries such as Libya and hopefully Syria in the near future.

A commitment to promoting reform lies at the very heart of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The EU is thus equipped to activate a number of existing instruments designed to facilitate reforms. In 2002, the EU member states made clear that the ENP aimed at promoting “demcratic and economic reforms in its neighborhood.”

The European Commission also indicated in 2003 that “in return for concrete progress demonstrating shared values and effective implementation of political, economic and institutional reforms … the EU’s neighbourhood should benefit from the prospect of closer economic integration with the EU.” In 2011, the strategy has been reoriented by two important joint communications of the European Commission and the high representative of the Union for foreign affairs and security policy...”

Excerpt from Erwan Lannon, “Making Democracy Work,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  2, No. 4, 2011: 30-35.

Erwan Lannon is professor in European Law at the University of Ghent, Belgium, and College of Europe. Professor Lannon holds a master’s in international politics and strategic studies from the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, and a Ph.D. in law from the Université de Rennes I, France. He has worked as an expert for the EuroMeSCo Network and several EU institutions, and as consultant for the United Nations and the MouvementEuropéen International. He was a senior associate researcher at the EU Institute for Security Studies. Professor Lannon has published widely on EU’s external relations, including “The EU’s Enlargement and Mediterranean Strategies: A Comparative Analysis”(edited with Marc Maresceau, 2001).

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.