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Gaps in education, professional training and certification in cyber security

Building Albania’s Cyber Cadre

January 2021, Number 10.04

“Cyber security is a national priority. With the proliferation of communication technologies advancing at such an unprecedented speed, cyber security, interoperability and digital transformation have become the primary topics of the digital world.

Considering the brain drain phenomenon, we are already in a crisis in which we do not produce the number of skilled experts that the industry desperately needs. Investing money may not be the major obstacle it used to be, but organizations still need to map out the resources, assets and the competencies that they have to see what is missing.

The current attitude toward the overall skills shortage is to find short-term patches to the problem. Universities have added cyber security undergraduate or graduate degrees to their curricula. But curriculum designers must recognize the challenges they face as the digital environ­ment evolves at exponential rates. Because of the dyna­mism of the field, it needs to be well understood that it is fundamentally different from any existing curricula. This understanding is essential to reducing the shortage of cyber security experts, involving more women, and creating more diversity in the cyber domain...”

Excerpt from Vilma Tomco and Klorenta Janushi, “Building Albania’s Cyber Cadre,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  10, No. 4, 2021: 54-57.

Dr. Vilma Tomco is director-general of the National Authority for Electronic Certification and Cyber Security at the Council of Ministers of Albania. She holds a Ph.D. in information systems and has worked in the telecommunications sector for 24 years. From 2013 to 2017 she was director of the European Information and Communications Technology Agenda Department at the prime minister’s office. The department contributed to the development of digital and innovation policies, public administration reform, realization of national digitalization objectives and improvement of public services.

Klorenta Janushi is an information security expert and works at the National Authority for Electronic Certification and Cyber Security at the Council of Ministers of Albania. She is a board member of Women in Technology in Albania and helped establish the Women4Cyber initiative, which was developed to increase women’s participation in the cyber field.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.