Toward a Global Zero World
“The detonation of the first nuclear bomb (July 16, 1945) brought humanity to the Damoclesian nuclear age. Even though the human race witnessed the destructive power of the atom (August 6 and 9, 1945) and found itself on the brink of a nuclear “apocalypse” (October 1962), nuclear weapons were the main deterrent, first in the United States and Soviet Union and then in other states that joined the nuclear “club” (France, the United Kingdom and China).
The attempts to create a control mechanism over nuclear technology in terms of law and practice, starting in 1970 with the enforcement of the NonProliferation Treaty, have had limited impact. The 2004 confession of Pakistani A.Q. Khan regarding his contribution to the development of the nuclear technology black market emphasizes the real dimension of the nuclear “problem” in an international environment governed by uncertainty.
In these circumstances, the Prague speech of U.S. President Barack Obama (April 5, 2009) regarding nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation represents the first significant post-Cold War signal toward “peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons” (Global Zero). President Obama’s speech represents the first significant nuclear policy change...”
Excerpt from Manuela-Simona Micu and Costinel Anuta, “Toward a Global Zero World,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 2, No. 1, 2011: 10-13.
Manuela-Simona Micu is an analyst in the Romanian Intelligence Service. She is a graduate of the Marshall Center’s Program in Advanced Security Studies, LPASS 09-10. She earned a master’s degree from the National Intelligence Academy of Romania and a bachelor’s degree in foreign languages from Constanta University.
Costinel Anuta is an analyst in the Romanian Intelligence Service. He has worked in different positions within the Romanian Armed Forces and Ministry of Defence. He is a graduate of the Marshall Center’s Program in Advanced Security Studies, LPASS 08-7. He earned two bachelor’s degrees and a master’s degree from Romania's National School of Political Studies and Public Administration.
This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.