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Iskander missile of the Russian Army, 2016

Countering the future missile threat

Missile Shield Over Europe

January 2011, Number 02.01

“The threats posed by the proliferation of ballistic missiles and the potential nexus of ballistic missiles and nuclear programs are of great concern to the United States, NATO, Russia and the international community. For example, Iran claims its ballistic missiles are defensive in nature and its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes. However, insufficient cooperation and the lack of transparency on Iran’s part leave these claims open to serious debate. Meanwhile, the international community has gone to great lengths to engage Iran diplomatically. Additionally, the U.S., NATO and Middle Eastern countries have engaged in threat mitigation activities that include nonproliferation efforts, economic sanctions and the deployment of missile defense systems.

Regarding missile defense, in September 2009, President Barack Obama announced a new U.S. missile defense policy for Europe called the Phased Adaptive Approach, or PAA...”

Excerpt from John D. Johnson, “Missile Shield Over Europe,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 2, No. 1, 2011: 34-37.

Lt. Col. John D. Johnson is a U.S. Army senior fellow assigned to the Marshall Center. He holds a bachelor’s degree from Texas Christian University, a master’s degree from Alliant International University, and a master’s of military arts and sciences degree from the U.S. Command and General Staff College. He has served in a variety of command and staff positions with the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Department of the Army Staff, U.S. Army Europe, Multi-National Forces-Iraq (Baghdad), III Corps, U.S. Division South-Iraq (Basra), 1st Cavalry Division and 1st Infantry Division.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.