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Russian military personnel move towards a Ukrainian military base on March 19, 2014 in Perevalnoe, Ukraine. Russia's Constitutional Court ruled unanimously on March 19 that Russia's President Vladimir Putin acted legally by signing a treaty to make Crimea part of Russia.

Countries targeted by Russia or other external actors must develop an internal resilience to the meddling.

When Outsiders Interfere

April 2017, Number 08.02

The post-War World II era has been one of increasing international cooperation and the empowerment of multinational institutions. But the Euro-Atlantic area is facing a new division. Some states would like to return to the Westphalian international order and its inherent strong state sovereignty in the hope of avoiding international interference in their internal affairs. For the Russian Federation, this concept is the foundation of its foreign policy and, as pronounced by Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov on numerous occasions, Russia believes a majority of states share this view.

Certainly, this view appeals to leaders who seize power and do their utmost to perpetuate that power. However, it is doubtful most of Europe agrees. Many Europeans live in a post-Westphalian world where states, societies and people interact freely, human rights matter more than state sovereignty and globalization, in spite of its downsides, is regarded as advantageous — an engine that creates more affluence for everybody. Nevertheless, a state’s behavior rarely follows neat theoretical constructs...

Excerpt from per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  8, No. 2, 2020: 36-41.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.