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protestors in the street

Destabilized societies pose a serious threat to national security.

The Danger Within

April 2017, Number 08.02

“The global security framework and geopolitics have shifted since the Cold War and, as a result, so has the understanding of security. State security frameworks, once military-centric, now cater to societal and individual security concerns rather than the traditional Westphalian state concept, as noted by Alem Saleh in his 2010 article in Geopolitics Quarterly. In this new environment, security is no longer just about protecting states against foreign threats (national security), but also about protecting individuals (human security) and communities (societal security). While the concept of the state, and an understanding of the social contract, should mean that the population is secure in a secure state, this is not the case. In the last century, intrastate armed conflicts claimed more lives than interstate conflicts, according to the Human Security Report 2005. Threats to a country’s national security are no longer dominated by conventional military threats, but have become increasingly complex and now include internal attacks on societies to destabilize states from within — a historically successful method often referred to as “divide and conquer.” By targeting societal divides, states can be brought down from within without having to resort to open warfare...”

Excerpt from Besa Kabashi-Ramaj, “The Danger Within,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 8, No. 2, 2017: 24-29.

Besa Kabashi-Ramaj is the director of the Centre for Research Documentation and Publication. She is the founder and owner of B.K.R. & Associates, and serves as an adviser on national security issues to the prime minister of Kosovo. She has more than 10 years of experience in the areas of management, policymaking, international security, national security and defense reform, military affairs and public information and holds a master’s degree in public and international affairs/security and intelligence from the University of Pittsburgh in
the United States.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.