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A picture of a ripped NATO and Montenegro flag with a moose in the middle.

False narratives defined the battle over NATO membership.

Montenegro’s Media War

April 2020, Number 10.02

“Montenegro’s 2011 census (the country’s first after gaining independence) put the country’s population at 620,029. About 45% of the population declared themselves Montenegrins, while 29% said they were Serbs, 9% Bosniaks, 5% Albanians, 3% Muslims and less than 1% Croatian. The three major religious groups in the country are Orthodox Christians (72%) — who are divided betweenthe Serbian Orthodox Church (SOC) and the Montenegrin Orthodox Church; Muslims (19%) and Catholics (3%). The remaining population belongs to other religious groups, are atheists/agnostics or did not declare a religious affiliation.

A brief history lesson is needed to fully understand the reasons behind Russia’s interference in Montenegro’s efforts to realize its most important foreign policy goal since gaining independence in 2006. The relationship between Montenegro and Russia goes back to the reign of Tsar Peter the Great. Ties between the two royal families were strong, as were economic and cultural relations

Excerpt from Marija  Blagojević, “Montenegro’s Media War,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 10, No. 2, 2020: 54-59.

Marija Blagojević, a graduate of ESS-S 2018, is an Advisor to the president of the Parliament of Montenegro.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.