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Effectively managing borders can reduce security threats.

Mobility and Border Controls

July 2016, Number 07.03

“Human mobility is one of the main features of the 21st century, presenting challenges and opportunities to the international community. Porous borders and constant technological evolution lead to the narrowing of the planet, breaking down physical barriers and bringing people and nations together. In turn, borders assume a prominent role. In today’s “age of migration,” the United Nations estimated that there were 244 million international migrants in 2015, representing 3.3 percent of the world population. Today’s increasingly diverse and complex migratory flows not only raise questions about the security of states and societies, but also the security and safety of the migrants themselves.

Irregular migration is often perceived in terms of insecurity. These flows are a present reality and a future trend. Irregular immigration management policies are often driven by misperceptions about large flows of immigrants and the belief that they threaten the state and the state’s sovereignty, as well as society. However, the security of these immigrants is often endangered, because they easily fall into the nets of organized crime or human trafficking networks. The main solution to this human drama remains restriction of entry...”

Excerpt from Susana de Sousa Ferreira and Andrés de Castro, “Mobility and Border Controls,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 7, No. 3, 2016: 24-29.

Susana de Sousa Ferreira is a doctoral candidate studying international relations at Universidade Nova de Lisboa in Portugal. She is a visiting scholar and student at the Instituto Universitario General Gutiérrez Mellado in Spain, where she is studying international security. Her fields of research include migration, border management, international security and the Mediterranean Sea.

Dr. Andrés de Castro is an associate professor and researcher at the National Academy of Political and Strategic Studies in Chile. His expertise includes international security, transnational threats, border management and drug trafficking. He received his Ph.D. in international security from the Instituto Universitario General Gutiérrez Mellado and a law degree from the University of Salamanca, both in Spain.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.