Mother and child gather to receive rice at a  refugee camp in the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan.

Greece and Italy need Europe to control immigrant flows.

Managing Mixed Migration Flows to Europe

July 2016, Number 07.03

“Migration is one of the global challenges of the 21st century. It cannot be defined in its totality because its causes and parameters are influenced and changing based on the conditions prevailing at the time. In general, migration is the movement of a person from one area of residence to another. In many cases, migration involves the movement of large numbers of people, earning it the term “mass migration.” Migration in general, particularly mass migration, has geopolitical, humanitarian, social, political and economic dimensions.

Recently, Europe — especially Greece and Italy as gateways to Europe from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region — has been placed at the heart of this global issue because of its exposure to mixed migration (immigrants and refugees). However, due to the width and volume of mixed migration and the fact that the final destinations of immigrants and refugees are the countries of Central and Northern Europe, the phenomenon has taken on a pan-European dimension...”

Excerpt from Ioannis Argyriou and Christos Tsiachris, “Managing Mixed Migration Flows to Europe,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 7, No. 3, 2016: 42-45.

Lt. Cmdr. Ioannis Argyriou is a staff officer of the education and training directorate at the NATO Maritime Interdiction Operational Training Center. He leads International Maritime Organization training events and helps train groups from NATO member states and affiliated countries. During his career, he has coordinated operations dealing with refugee trafficking, drug smuggling, search and rescue, and maritime pollution.

Christos Tsiachris is a military judge at the Military Court of Chania in Greece. Previously, he served as an attorney for the Judicial Corps of the Hellenic Armed Forces. He has lectured at the Hellenic Army Non-Commissioned Officers Academy, the Hellenic Police Academy, the Hellenic Multinational Peace Support Operations Training Center and the NATO Maritime Interdiction Operational Training Center.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.