A view of the room at the NATO Chicago summit in 2012.

Balkan militaries and security forces combine efforts.

Adopting “Smart Defense”

October 2012, Number 03.04

“The origin of the “smart defense” concept is linked with the preparation of the NATO New Strategic Concept of Lisbon, November 2010. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, advised by the “Wise Men Group” led by Madeleine Albright, supported a substantial change in the way the Alliance does business. He further elaborated his vision in a speech at the European Policy Centre in Brussels on September 30, 2011: “I know that in an age of austerity, we cannot spend more. But neither should we spend less. So the answer is to spend better. And to get better value for money. To help nations to preserve capabilities and to deliver new ones. This means we must prioritize, we must specialize, and we must seek multinational solutions. Taken together, this is what I call Smart Defense.”

Later, smart defense was one of four key topics on the agenda of the NATO summit of May 2012. The Chicago Summit opened a new way for the practical implementation of the concept. Allied Command for Transformation (ACT) was tasked to provide ways and approaches for a smart defense in this summit...”

Excerpt from Leonard Demi and Thimi Hudhra, “Adopting Smart Defense’,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 3, No. 4, 2012: 48-51.

Dr. Leonard Demi is a member of the Albanian Parliament, where he is the chairman of the National Security Committee. Mr. Demi lectures at the University of Tirana and the Defense Academy of Albania. He graduated with a degree in Albanian philology from the University of Tirana and studied foreign and security policy at Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He also studied at George Washington University and later focused on security studies at the Naval Postgraduate School. He holds a doctorate in security studies.

Col. (ret.) Thimi Hudhra is a retired colonel who served in the Albanian Armed Forces for more than 30 years. His current position is chief of the Center for Defence Analysis of Albania. Among other positions, he worked as plans and policy director (J5) in the Albanian Ministry of Defense and defense advisor to the prime minister. He has represented Albania in negotiations in NATO’s Planning and Review Process and the Membership Action Plan process. He helped develop the National Security Strategy, Military Strategy, Long Term Development Plan, and most recently, the Strategic Defence Review for Albania. Col. Hudhra is a lecturer at the Defence Academy of Albania, where he is pursuing a doctorate, and he is a graduate of the Marshall Center’s 1998 Executive Program and 2001 Senior Executive Seminar.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.