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Finland Flag over the water

Shaped by unipolarity, bipolarity, or multipolarity?

The Future Arctic Order

July 2021, Number 11.03

“There are two misleading narratives circulating about the Arctic in international politics that cloud the view of the region today. The first is that the Arctic is removed from international politics. This narrative became prevalent after the Ukraine crisis in 2014, when some observers expressed surprise at the continuing circumpolar cooperation between Russia and the seven other Arctic states while relations involving Russia, the European Union and NATO and their member states sharply deteriorated. The second is that the Arctic became a part of international politics nearly 15 years ago, when climate change emerged as a major concern and when Russia planted its flag on the seabed of the North Pole. To the contrary, the Arctic has reflected developments in the international political, economic, technological and security systems for centuries...”

Excerpt from Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen and Mariia Kobzeva, “The Future Arctic Order,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 11, No. 3, 2021: 28-35.

Dr. Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen is a professor of Northern studies and the inaugural Barents Chair in Politics at the University of Tromsø-The Arctic University of Norway. He did his Ph.D. work at the University of Cambridge in England and spent a year at Sciences Po in Paris. He coordinates the Norwegian-Russian doctoral/master’s course Society and Advanced Technology in the Arctic with the Higher School of Economics in Moscow, Trapeznikov Institute of Control Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as the Norway-EU Science Diplomacy Network.

Dr. Mariia Kobzeva is a postdoctoral fellow in global Arctic studies at the University of Tromsø-The Arctic University of Norway. She focuses on Sino-Russian relations in the Arctic amid the new balance of power and on Russian and Chinese foreign policies. She holds a master’s degree in international relations and a Ph.D. in political science from St. Petersburg State University and has begun Ph.D. studies in hydrobiology at St. Petersburg State Agrarian University. In 2021, she received the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Individual Fellowship grant for a research project on Arctic security regime adaptation.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.