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Adapting to a warming Arctic

Climate Change Security

July 2021, Number 11.03

“About 4 million people live permanently in the Arctic region, of whom 10% are Indigenous peoples. The Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. Climate change represents a security challenge because of its overarching impact on the economy, human livelihoods and biodiversity in the Arctic. How are the Arctic states cooperating via institutions such as the Arctic Council and Arctic Economic Council to create solutions to address these climate change security challenges? Are Arctic states adhering to their climate change commitments of the 2015 Paris Agreement and is climate change viewed as an integral part of the Arctic strategies of the eight Arctic states...”

Excerpt from Alexandra Middleton, “Climate Change Security,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 11, No. 3, 2021: 20-27.

Dr. Alexandra Middleton is a researcher with a Ph.D. in economics and business administration from the University of Oulu. Her research focuses on the socioeconomic changes in the Arctic, with scientific publications on Arctic sustainable business development, climate change, human capital, innovations and connectivity solutions in the Arctic.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.