Europe's Enduring Migration Crisis
“Three years after the latest European migration crisis erupted with a spike in flows and fatalities in the central Mediterranean Sea, and two years after almost 900,000 migrants and asylum-seekers from the Middle East and beyond arrived in Europe through the eastern Mediterranean, the crisis seems to have subsided. The relative calm, however, is somewhat misleading. While there are no longer seemingly endless numbers of people crossing the Aegean Sea and walking through Greece and the Western Balkans on the way to this century’s apparent promised lands — Germany and Sweden — unacceptably large numbers of people continue to die on the way to Libya and other North African countries and drown in the Mediterranean. And reported conditions under which hundreds of thousands of people are waiting in Libya in the dimming hope that they might be able to cross the central Mediterranean and reach Europe (or, more accurately, be rescued by European-flagged ships) shock even the most hardened observers...”
Excerpt from Demetrios G. Papademetriou and Caitlin Katsiaficas, “Europe’s Enduring Migration Crisis,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 8, No. 4, 2018: 18-25.
Demetrios G. Papademetriou is a senior fellow at the Migration Policy Institute (MPI), which he co-founded and led as president for its first 13 years. A member of the MPI board of trustees, he is also president of Migration Policy Institute Europe, a nonprofit, independent research institute in Brussels that aims to promote a better understanding of migration trends and effects within Europe. He holds a Ph.D. in comparative public policy and international relations from the University of Maryland and has taught at the universities of Maryland, Duke, American, and New School for Social Research.
Caitlin Katsiaficas is a Policy Advisor at the International Centre for Migration Policy Development and a former Associate Policy Analyst at the Migration Policy Institute, where she worked mainly with the National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy. She has worked at the World Bank, International Rescue Committee, and George Washington University’s Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies, and interned at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Refugee Resettlement and the City of Portland, Maine’s Refugee Services Program.
This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.