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Migrants, mostly from Afghanistan, stand next to tents during an evacuation of a makeshift camp near Stalingrad metro station in Paris on November 4, 2016, one of several camps sprouting up around the French capital.

Afghanistan instability has caused surge in European immigration.

Migration Impacts Security

April 2012, Number 03.02

“Until recently, migration from Afghanistan in the direction of Europe wasn’t considered a serious issue because of the large distances and small number of immigrants. Today, Afghans represent one of the largest groups of immigrants in Europe and, with more heading toward the continent, the situation needs closer scrutiny. Considering Afghanistan’s part in global security and the large numbers of Afghans trying to get into Europe, the related challenges need analysis. This is especially important if the situation in Afghanistan isn’t stabilizing, but rather is radicalizing, and when individuals and small groups represent a significant security risk.

Measurement is difficult Researchers studying migration and security issues find the fields to be highly subjective categories, dependent on the person defining them. Some researchers focus on areas that cover only a portion of the phenomenon. An additional problem is that precise quantity and quality data on immigrants aren’t available, and that includes asylum seekers, illegal immigrants and – those that represent the biggest security risk – unregistered immigrants. To be more precise, the data is fragmented due to the inability to measure the phenomenon and the variety of methodologies used for gathering and processing data...”

Excerpt from Filip Dragović and Róbert Mikac, “Migration Impacts Security,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 3, No. 2, 2012: 14-20.

Filip Dragović retired in March 2012 as director of the Directorate for European Integration and International Relations, Ministry of the Interior, Republic of Croatia. He previously worked in all segments of the border police, including as head of his country’s Border Police Directorate. He has more than 20 years of police experience and is an expert in border and migration issues and management of EU projects. He holds a master’s degree in international relations from the University of Zagreb and is currently preparing a doctoral thesis at the same institution. He recently began working for the United Nations Development Program as a regional international consultant for Southeast Europe in the field of rule of law in an EU accession context.

Róbert Mikac, Ph.D., a Marshall Center alumnus, is an independent police inspector in the Directorate for European Integration and International Relations, Ministry of the Interior, Republic of Croatia. He previously worked in the Ministry of Defense as a military police company commander, including service in Afghanistan in 2005. He holds a doctorate in international relations and national security from the University of Zagreb. Mr. Mikac has written a book about Afghanistan and expects to publish a second, about contemporary security, in 2012.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.