Photograph of then U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates speaks at a Brussels defense conference in 2011 to persuade NATO members to finance the Alliance adequately or risk military decline.

Europe must not neglect military spending or its NATO affiliation.

Defending Europe

April 2012, Number 03.02

“As Hedley Bull expressed his skepticism in 1982, “ ‘Europe’ is not an actor in international affairs, and does not seem likely to become one.”1 Europe has – arguably – few or no means of projecting power. The EU is not a classical international power in a multipolar/multinodal world, but an economic power and a normative power – influencing the world by setting an example of democracy, rule of law and welfare. Europe decided to put in place mechanisms and policies that rendered armed conflict virtually impossible and brought peace, stability and prosperity on the continent during the last decades. But what if it was too much? Europe appears to be laying down weapons, and at the same time building a European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). In this paper, I will attempt to argue that Europe is currently facing a security crisis based on its strategic shortsightedness, and explore the degree to which capabilities-based security and defense policies might be a solution.

Trans-Atlantic View

It is useful to see how the perspectives are structured both at the political and public levels, as they appear, first, in a speech given by European Commission President José Manuel Barroso, in March 2010, and second...”

Excerpt from Cristian Iordan, “Defending Europe,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 3, No. 2, 2012: 46-53.

Cristian Iordan, Ph.D., works for the Romanian Intelligence Service as a specialist in public diplomacy. His areas of interest and study include security, defense, terrorism, civil liberties, human rights, intelligence, critical infrastructure protection and cyber security, particularly at the level of the European Union. He holds a master’s degree in international relations and a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Bucharest. He is also a 2011 graduate of the Program in Advanced Security Studies at the Marshall Center.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.