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Migrants aboard an inflatable vessel approach the guided-missile destroyer USS Carney.

A history of migration, displacement, and integration

Refugees in Europe

January 2016, Number 07.01

“A large-scale migration and refugee crisis is unfolding in Europe. During the course of 2015, more than 1 million people arrived aboard overflowing and often unseaworthy vessels crossing the Mediterranean Sea to European Union member countries Italy and Greece. Almost 3,800 people died in the attempt. Most of the new arrivals have headed farther north into the EU, with Germany expecting to receive 1 million asylum applications in 2015. 

Global displacement stands at over 60 million people, counting refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced people and others in refugee-like situations. This is the highest number since World War II. Many have drawn on this statistic to suggest that the population movement into the EU is unprecedented in scope and manageability...”

Excerpt from Anne Hammerstad, “Refugees in Europe,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 7, No. 1, 2016: 11-17.

Dr. Anne Hammerstad is an author and expert in displacement, conflict and humanitarian politics. She is an honorary senior research fellow at the University of Kent, a senior research associate at the South African Institute of International Affairs and has worked as a researcher and academic in India. She earned a bachelor’s from Oslo University, a master’s from the London School of Economics and a doctorate from Oxford University.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.