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police escorting refugees in front of Naval ship

Success requires addressing drivers of irregular migration.

Countering Migrant Smuggling

January 2016, Number 07.01

“States see irregular migration as a threat, but believe efforts to stem the flow should focus on those who profit from human smuggling. Repressing this crime is imperative, but the adaptable, elusive and resilient smuggling networks are hard to disrupt because they are desperately needed by irregular migrants. Smugglers are opportunistic exploiters of this strong and obstinate demand, not its creators. The securitization of migration and the severe criminalization of migrant smuggling are useful to assert state control, but they are insufficient, produce perilous unintended consequences and turn attention away from refugees. The current migration emergency in Europe shows that a reduced price per person smuggled has boosted migrant flows and confirms that the problem of unauthorized migration can only be solved through comprehensive migration policies...”

Excerpt from Alberto Cervone, “Countering Migrant Smuggling,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 7, No. 1, 2016: 38-43.

Rear Adm. (Ret.) Alberto Cervone was a professor at the Marshall Center from 2008 to 2011, where he lectured and led several courses, including Mediterranean Security and International Migration and Security. He retired in November 2011 after 42 years in the Italian Navy and continues to collaborate with the Marshall Center.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.