Russian soldier and Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras take part in a wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier by the Kremlin Wall in Moscow.

Russia’s hybrid warfare seeks to divide Europe.

A New Generation of Warfare

July 2015, Number 06.03

“Russia’s belligerent attitude toward Ukraine surprised Europe. For most, a 21st-century war within European borders was unimaginable. This is the consequence of diverging strategic views in Europe, Russia and the United States, resulting in different levels of confrontation. And it is aggravated by internal strategic divergence among European states.

Although Russia sees Europe as its most important partner in many areas, it considers the spread of Western values in Eastern Europe part of a strategy to establish a neocolonial power relationship. It is convinced that, if the West is unable to achieve objectives using instruments of soft power, it will use military power to overthrow established regimes and impose puppet governments. This is unacceptable for Russia, which will fight to maintain not only its regional geopolitical influence, but its independence from external pressures on its internal affairs...”

Excerpt from Jānis Bērziņš, A New Generation of Warfare,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  6, No. 3, 2015: 22-27.

Dr. Jānis Bērziņš is the director of the Center for Security and Strategic Research (CSSR) at the National Defense Academy of Latvia. His areas of expertise are: Russian military thought, defense economics, international economics, and economic security and development. He has worked as researcher at the Institute of Economics of the Latvian Academy of Sciences and at in Department of Political Sciences at Riga Stradiņš University before joining the CSSR.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.