Kazakhstan Adapts to the Cyber Age
“The influence of information and communication technologies in all spheres of human life has created new vulnerabilities. The structure of social relations and the role of states have radically changed. Cyber espionage is booming internationally, casting doubt on the effectiveness of the international legal regime. Changes in the balance of power in virtual space can lead to changes in the geopolitical balance of power. States not only operate directly in cyber space, but also actively take opportunities to discredit their political and economic competition in the real world. Defense systems and critical infrastructure have become vulnerable.
Over the past few years, Kazakhstan has integrated into the global information community at an impressive pace. Insufficient attention to new opportunities, as well as to risks and threats, can damage a country’s development and push it to the periphery of international relations. In this regard, there is a need for permanent monitoring and situational analysis to adequately perceive the situation in terms of its rapid and fundamental mobility...”
Excerpt from Anna Gussarova, “Kazakhstan Adapts to the Cyber Age,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 7, No. 2, 2016: 34-39.
Anna Gussarova is a senior research fellow at the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies. She teaches diplomacy and international terrorism courses at the German-Kazakh University in Almaty. She holds a bachelor’s in American studies and a master’s in Central Asia security studies from the same university.
This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.