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 Explosive ordnance disposal technicians assigned to Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit (EODMU) 8 get inbriefed on a homemade explosive cache by their German counterpart during exercise Northern Coasts in Putlos, Germany, Sept. 15, 2019

State and network-centric perspectives

Great Power Competition and Europe

July 2020, Number 10.03

“In the United States, there is cross-party bipartisan agreement that China is the U.S.’ most serious longterm threat because it has come to be understood that the costs of accepting China’s own national interest and ideology outweigh the benefits of cooperation. By 2015- 2016, it had become apparent that the U.S. had overestimated its ability to compel China to follow international ground rules (as defined by the West) and underestimated the resilience, resourcefulness and ruthlessness of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to enhance its wealth, maintain its monopoly on power, avoid a strong counterreaction by the West and restore its status as a truly global power. Rather than reform and open up, China reformed and closed down.

The CCP has become an even more personalistic, authoritarian, repressive, militaristic and nationalistic regime under President Xi Jinping. China is a partystate, with an administrative, commandist, centralized, extractive and arbitrary autocratic (privatized oligarchic capitalist) system. Unfair trade practices, nonreciprocal market access, intellectual property theft, and coercive data localization and source-code disclosure are in fact understood by the CCP to be competitive advantages for China. China’s governance is characterized by advanced technological-algorithmic authoritarian norms...”

Excerpt from Graeme P. Herd, “Great Power Competition and Europe,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  10, No. 3, 2020: 7-9.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.