Moderating Border Disputes
“The control of two border checkpoints in the north of Kosovo along the border with Serbia has become a decisive issue in the demonstration of sovereignty. The move by Prishtina to control the checkpoints initiated a heated discourse from both parties. The purpose of this article is to analyze how political leaders, using a form of demonstrative communication that linguists call “speech-acts,” securitized border checkpoints. Speech-acts denote a form of linguistics that isn’t just rhetorical but inspires action. Securitization means convincing people that a particular issue amounts to an existential threat. While Serbia and Kosovo practiced securitization, the European Union acted as a desecuritization factor, meaning it moderated the border dispute by relegating it to normal political channels. The EU’s reluctance to grant membership to countries with outstanding border issues influenced speech-acts of national political leaders. This study proves that the EU’s use of membership as leverage has the ability to solve border disputes...”
Excerpt from Valdrin Grainca, “Moderating Border Disputes,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 4, No. 2, 2013: 48-53.
Valdrin Grainca, a graduate of PASS 12-05. Since 2011, he has worked as a senior official for Europe at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Kosovo. Previously, he worked with Kosovo’s nongovernmental organizations (Forum for Civic Initiatives) in the fields of security and rule of law. He earned a bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of Prishtina, Kosovo, and a master’s degree in international and European relations from Linkoping University, Sweden.
This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.