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European Union policies toward its neighbors

Building Stronger Neighbors

January 2017, Number 08.01

“The European Union has always approached challenges from neighboring countries by externalizing and spreading its core values, norms and principles. Enlargement has been the EU’s finest tool. Because the EU could not expand indefinitely, it crafted the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in 2004 with the goal of fostering stability, security and prosperity in countries beyond the EU’s frontiers. Nevertheless, the EU has been unable to substantially alleviate the problems faced by countries close to its borders. On the contrary, countries in the EU’s vicinity have become less stable and less secure. To the south, along the Mediterranean basin, the 2011 Arab Spring triggered an unprecedented wave of political, economic and societal upheaval, culminated by Syria’s civil war, the rise of ISIL, also known as Daesh, and complete disarray in Libya after the central state’s collapse. To the east, in the aftermath of the Eastern Partnership Vilnius Summit in November 2013, the crisis in Ukraine sparked regional turmoil in post-Soviet Eastern Europe with menacing effects on European security.Since then, numerous voices have raised misgivings about the ENP and called for a reshuffling of the political framework...”

Excerpt from Teodor Lucian Moga, “Building Stronger Neighbors,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  8, No. 1, 2017: 22-27.

Teodor Lucian Moga is an assistant professor at the Centre for European Studies at Alexandru Ioan Cuza University in Iasi, Romania. He has worked for the European Commission and the British Embassy in Romania and has completed various research stints at the European Union Institute for Security Studies in Paris, the Marshall Center and the Romanian Academy of Science.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.