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Belfast

Recalcitrant extremists seek relevance in violence.

Threats to Peace in Ireland

October 2016, Number 07.04

“Almost since the beginning of its history, Ireland has suffered seemingly endless conflict. In the latter part of the 19th and early 20th centuries, this manifested itself in the Home Rule movement; later, more violently, in the Easter Uprising of 1916; and subsequently in the Irish War of Independence. It was the violent suppression of the Easter Uprising that fanned the flames of republicanism from sporadic violence to open rebellion.

The British, who were more focused on fighting World War I, postponed further devolution and Home Rule, leading to further tensions. Discontent was exacerbated by the fact that tens of thousands of Irishmen died in the trenches fighting in the British Army. Soon after the conclusion of the war, Home Rule was achieved, albeit after the violent and bloody War of Independence between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and British and Loyalist forces. In 1922, the British government signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty that established the Irish Free State while also stipulating the six remaining predominantly Protestant counties of Northern Ireland could choose to remain in the United Kingdom...”

Excerpt from Charles A. Upshaw, “Threats to Peace in Ireland,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 7, No. 4, 2016: 42-47.

Capt. Charles A. Upshaw is deputy director of the Marshall Center’s Program on Terrorism and Security Studies. Before that, he served as an operations officer for the Marshall Center and was a company commander in the U.S. Army. He is a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.