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The case of Georgia, Czech Republic, Moldova, and Serbia

Regional Cyber Security

April 2014, Number 05.02

“Georgia learned a hard lesson about the need for a national cyber security strategy in 2008, when massive cyber attacks were carried out against national critical informational infrastructure, including the banking sector. The nature of those attacks approached the level of “cyber war” in the sense that the attacks were well organized attempts to isolate Georgia globally and occurred just as the Russian Federation was engaged in military hostilities against the country.

As a result, the government of Georgia analyzed the grave consequences of that cyber campaign and declared that protecting cyberspace was just as important as protecting the country’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. In drafting its National Cyber Security Strategy, the government of Georgia used a slightly different approach from that of Estonia. Unlike Georgia, Estonia had significant cyber security measures in place when the country’s networks were simultaneously attacked in 2007, affecting government agencies, banking, media and telecommunications. In retrospect, Estonia was well-prepared for individual cyber attacks but lacked sufficient capacity to counter large-scale and coordinated cyber attacks...”

Excerpt from Giorgi Tielidze et al., “Regional Cyber Security,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  5, No. 2, 2014: 24-33.

Police Lt. Giorgi Tielidze is a senior advisor to the State Security and Crisis Management Council, Department of Internal Security and Public Order at the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia. Since December 2012, he has served on Georgia’s Cybercrime Convention Committee. He earned a bachelor’s degree at Tbilisi State University and is pursuing his master’s at Ilia State University in Tbilisi.

Daniel P. Bagge is a cyber security/policy specialist at the National Cyber Security Center, National Security Authority of the Czech Republic, where he coordinates national cyber security strategy, strategic planning and development. He leads the Industrial Control Systems Cyber Security Protection working group and has worked for various government ministries. He holds a master’s degree in International Security Studies, a post-graduate program jointly offered by the Marshall Center and the Universität der Bundeswehr München.

Natalia Spinu is the head of the Cyber Security Center CERT-GOV-MD, S.E. Center for Special Telecommunications, State Chancellery of the Republic of Moldova. She has been department chief of Moldova’s Special Telecommunications Centre and project coordinator at the Information and Documentation Centre on NATO. She is a 2012 graduate of the Marshall Center’s Program in Advanced Security Studies, a graduate of the European Training Course in Security Policy at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, and has a master’s degree from the European Institute of the University of Geneva.

Zvonimir Ivanović, a head police inspector in Serbia, is an assistant professor at the University of Criminalistics and Police Studies in Belgrade. He specializes in criminal tactics, police questioning and interrogation, criminal profiling, cyber crime, and evidence gathering. He has participated in several international projects, including Police and Cybercrime, 2009-2012, and the Standards and Procedures for Fighting Organized Crime and Terrorism in a Climate of International Integration, 2011-2014.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.