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lock and broken over Russian flag

Russia is at the vanguard of militarizing cyberspace.

The Cyber Battlefield

April 2014, Number 05.02

“In April 2007, the Estonian government moved a bronze statue of a Soviet soldier from a prominent place in the Tallinn city center to a military cemetery. The statue was controversial because it commemorated the “liberation” of Estonia by the Soviet Union. Ethnic Russians rioted against the decision and within a day of the statue’s relocation, Russian-language websites began calling for armed revolution. During the next few weeks, the situation escalated. Massive cyber attacks originating from Russian servers were launched against Estonia’s government and civilian infrastructure. These were mostly distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks that clog Internet servers and render them inaccessible but do no permanent damage. Because Estonia is probably the most “wired” country in the world, the attacks impacted nearly every area of life and business. And these were relatively simple attacks...”

Excerpt from Daniel Singleton, “The Cyber Battlefield,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 5, No. 2, 2014: 40-47.

Maj. Daniel Singleton is a U.S. Army foreign area officer. He has served in the Office of Defense Cooperation in Riga, Latvia, and as a political-economic officer at the U.S. Embassy in Baku, Azerbaijan. He is pursuing a graduate degree in the University of Wisconsin’s Russian, East European and Central Asian Studies program. He also holds a master’s degree in philosophy from the University of Colorado.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.