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turkmen officials receive laptops

Protecting Internet users must not sacrifice democratic principles.

The Complexities of Central Asian Cyber Security

April 2014, Number 05.02

“After obtaining independence in 1991, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan — all facing completely new challenges and threats to their national securities — each chose different paths for political, social and economic development. Border security, religious extremism, drug trafficking, corruption and political turbulence have been longstanding problems in Central Asian states, but a new challenge surfaced in the last decade: crime involving high-technology and the Internet.

Cyber security is closely connected to the spread of the Internet, which is growing throughout Central Asia, despite varying connection speeds. In terms of Internet speed, Kazakhstan was ranked 58th out of 188 countries in February 2014, Tajikistan was 66th, the Kyrgyz Republic 81st and Uzbekistan 171st,1 according to Ookla, a company that tests broadband speeds every 30 days. The average download speed in the European Union was rated as much faster...”

Excerpt from Nuria Kutnaeva, “The Complexities of Central Asian Cyber Security,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  5, No. 2, 2014: 14-19.

Nuria Kutnaeva is an independent researcher from the Kyrgyz Republic. Previously, she led the international relations program and served as vice president of the International University of Central Asia in Tokmok. She earned a master’s degree in political science from Eichstätt University in Germany and another from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Academy in 2005. In 2013, she received a doctorate in nuclear security issues in Central Asia.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.