Out of Africa
“With 15 of the world’s 20 most developed countries located in Europe, and all 20 of the world’s poorest countries located in Africa, it is no surprise that many Africans head for Europe.
These people are searching for a better future, even if it costs them their lives — which often happens. Many fall victim to extreme weather when crossing the Sahara or the Mediterranean Sea. More than 10,000 people have drowned trying to cross the Mediterranean to Europe since 1996, the Kenyan newspaper The Daily Nation reported. In the first half of 2009 alone, more than 500 died.
Young Africans are desperate to leave their homelands because of poverty, unemployment, crime and violence, according to the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime. Of those 20 poorest countries noted by the U.N. Development Programme, many are close to Europe, making it a handy escape.
Most of the people who survive the passage end up in detention centers in Italy, Spain’s Canary Islands, Malta and Greece — the closest entry points into the continent. The countries are now on the front lines of the war to curb illegal migration and human trafficking and smuggling into Europe...”
Excerpt from per Concordiam Staff, “Out of Africa,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 1, No. 1, 2010: 42-43.
This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.