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Hagia Sophia is a former Greek Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later an imperial mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey.

Balance between civilian and military power

Changing of the Guard in Turkey

January 2012, Number 03.01

“The July 29, 2011, resignations of Turkey’s leading military officers triggered a political earthquake in a country that since its founding in 1923 has looked to its army, navy and air force for stability and secularization. Gen. Işik Koşaner, chief of the Turkish General Staff, relinquished his post to protest what he called the persecution of hundreds of military officers accused of plotting a 2003 coup against the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. The heads of the army, navy and air force resigned along with Koşaner, displacing the nation’s entire high command. Few doubt that the new military leadership endorsed by Erdoğan will be more closely aligned and integrated with the AKP, ending the Turkish military’s 90-year role as an independent government watchdog and power broker...”

Excerpt from per Concordiam Staff, “Changing of the Guard in Turkey,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  3, No. 1, 2012: 36-39.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.