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In this photograph taken on June 2, 2016, the Salma Hydroelectric Dam is seen at Chishti Sharif in Afghanistan's Herat province. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will travel to Afghanistan for the second time in six months this weekend, on a one-day visit to inaugurate a dam with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, India's foreign ministry said June 2.

India’s policy options in Afghanistan

Rebuilding Ties

July 2017, Number 08.03

“After the Taliban was overthrown in 2001, India renewed ties with Afghanistan and began providing Kabul with substantial assistance for development and reconstruction. Bilateral relations were further strengthened in 2011 by the Strategic Partnership Agreement, through which India provides assistance in rebuilding Afghanistan’s infrastructure and institutions, as well as support for an Afghan led and Afghan-owned peace and reconciliation process. The agreement also advocates for a sustained commitment to Afghanistan by the international community. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government has given special attention to Delhi-Kabul ties. The delivery of Mi-25 attack helicopters to Afghanistan — with approval from Russia — marks a new beginning; an Indian role in strengthening Afghanistan’s combat capability has been a sensitive topic because of Pakistan’s strong opposition. U.S. President Donald Trump’s much-awaited Afghan policy announcement in August 2017 — which cleared the way for more troops in Afghanistan, did away with arbitrary timelines for withdrawal and upped the pressure on Pakistan — also affirmed India’s enhanced profile in peace and development of Afghanistan...”

Excerpt from Vinay Kaura, “Rebuilding Ties,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  8, No. 3, 2017: 52-55.

Vinay Kaura, Ph.D. is an assistant professor at the Department of International Affairs and Security Studies, Sardar Patel University of Police, Security and Criminal Justice in Rajasthan, India. He is coordinator of the University’s Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies and research coordinator for the school’s executive program in Conflict and Security Studies for midlevel police professionals in India. His research interests include India’s foreign policy, Afghanistan-Pakistan relations, counterterrorism and counterinsurgency, and conflict resolution in Kashmir.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.