“Recent years have seen a significant increase in displaced people, primarily due to conflicts, sectarian violence and environmental changes. In 2016, there were 40.3 million internally displaced people (IDPs) worldwide and 22.5 million refugees, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre’s “2017 Global Report on Internal Displacement.” Most fled to Europe. Yet, because of Europe’s aging workforce, labor and skill shortages are expected to challenge the European Union’s employment and economic growth prospects over the next four decades. For instance, an estimated 19 million fewer people will be in the EU workforce between 2023 and 2060.
In that context, migrants can make important economic contributions when they are integrated into the receiving population in a timely manner, starting with education and continuing into the labor market. If left alone, migrants are likely to face periods without realistic prospects for a durable solution. Refugees are more exposed in urban settings, where it is difficult to assist and supervise them and to monitor their possible interaction with extremist groups. In a 2015 paper for the Geneva Centre for Security Studies, Christina Schori Liang wrote that radical groups are targeting young, vulnerable men in environments such as refugee camps...”
Excerpt from Rosław Jeżewski, “Facing Migration,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 9, No. 2, 2019: 56-63.
Rosław Jeżewski serves in the Polish National Military Representative Office for NATO’s Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe operations in Belgium. He has a background in the Polish Navy and Polish Operational Command in the Current Operations and Planning branches. He has been deployed to Ethiopia as a United Nations military observer and to Afghanistan as an advisor to the Afghan Army. His expertise includes demographic trends, migration, regional security and projecting stability. He is a graduate of the Marshall Center’s Program on Applied Security Studies.
This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.