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Collage of Russian and Euro forces

Georgia needs institutional resilience in its national security.

Defending Against Hybrid Threats

April 2019, Number 09.02

“The term “hybrid warfare” has become a cryptic buzzword in the Euro-Atlantic security community. Yet its analytical-added value lies in its usefulness in achieving conceptual clarity regarding the complex security environment and in refining national security decision-making.

The term emerged in the context of Hezbollah’s fight against Israel, where it exemplified how a nonstate actor could use a tool kit of conventional and unconventional means to face off against a modern state. Hybrid warfare, in defense analyst Frank Hoffman’s words, constitutes a “blend of the lethality of state conflict with the fanatical and protracted fervor of irregular war.” However, the term achieved mainstream usage after Russia annexed the Crimean Peninsula and initiated an offensive in eastern Ukraine, where the Hezbollah-Israel paradigm was turned on its head. Russia, a powerful nuclear-armed state, used hybrid tactics against a sovereign country and in the process shook the foundations of the European security architecture to its core...”

Excerpt from Tamar Bazgadze, “Defending Against Hybrid Threats,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  9, No. 2, 2019: 48-55.

Tamar Bazgadze completed the executive program in leadership in international security at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy in Switzerland. She holds a master’s degree in advanced studies in international and European security from the University of Geneva-Global Studies Institute. She is an alumna of the Marshall Center and the Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.