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Tunisian supporters of the Islamist Ennahda ruling party hold up their national flag and Egypt's flag as they shout slogans during a protest.

Europe promotes solutions in Middle East and North Africa.

Reclaiming the Arab Spring

October 2013, Zahl 04.04

“For four days, the chant rang out across Cairo’s Tahrir Square, packed with tens of thousands of Egyptian protesters. Irhal, Arabic for “leave,” was the message directed at then-President Mohammed Morsi, elected one year earlier in Egypt’s first democratic elections.

By most estimates, more than 30 million Egyptians — out of a population of about 83 million — braved the midsummer North African heat to voice their discontent. Much had changed in the year since Morsi narrowly won a bitterly fought election following the collapse of Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year rule.

Egypt’s economy deteriorated while Morsi and his Freedom and Justice Party focused on consolidating political power, raising criticism that the government was not only unrepresentative but also incompetent. After four days of acrimonious protests and counterprotests, the Egyptian military — reportedly fearing civil war — removed Morsi’s party from power...”

Excerpt from per Concordiam Staff, “Reclaiming the Arab Spring,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  4, No. 4, 2013: 42-45.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.