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What constitutes internet-based terrorism?

Defining Cyber Terrorism

April 2016, Zahl 07.02

“Cyber terrorism is a difficult phenomenon for scholars, legal practitioners and international organizations to define. Additionally, confusion exists over the differences between cyber crime and cyber terrorism. While this article is focused on cyber terrorism, I will briefly discuss cyber crime to highlight the differences. Existing cyber terrorism definitions leave room for debate; therefore, I have proposed my own definition: Cyber terrorism is the use of cyberspace by a nonstate entity to disrupt computer systems, causing widespread fear or physical damage and, indirectly, bodily injury, or causing disruption to such an extent that the credibility of the victim is seriously threatened, in furtherance of political, ideological or religious objectives...”

Excerpt from Ruben Tuitel, Defining Cyber Terrorism,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues  7, No. 2, 2016: 10-17.

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.