Refugees on a boat

Challenges posed by global population trends

Mitigating Mayhem

October 2018, Zahl 08.04

“Rapid population growth, especially in the developing world, will likely increase and exacerbate global security challenges such as civil wars, ethnic violence, starvation, border conflict and violence associated with neonationalism. Unfortunately, sovereign states tend to react to the security symptoms of global megatrends instead of comprehensively addressing the root causes. Evolving global demographics will likely strain the resources and resilience of all states, yet no single state or international entity is responsible for global population management. Recent and projected population trends, including urbanization, suggest that there will be significant security challenges as a result of uncontrolled international migration. As the global population increases from the current 7.3 billion to an estimated 9.7 billion in 2050, a proactive international community must prioritize a holistic approach to prepare for and mitigate the security problems associated with population growth...”

Excerpt from Michael Hagan, “Mitigating Mayhem,” per Concordiam: Journal of European Security Defense Issues 8, No. 4, 2018: 26-33.

Lt. Col. Michael Hagan serves in the Strategic Plans and Programs Division, Headquarters, U.S. Air Forces in Europe and Africa. He was a U.S. Air Force senior fellow at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies.              

This article reflects the views of the author and are not necessarily the official policy of the United States, Germany, or any other governments.