Official biography
michta andrew

Andrew A. Michta, Ph.D.

George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies

Andrew A. Michta holds a Ph.D. in international relations from the Johns Hopkins University. His areas of expertise are international security, NATO, and European politics and security, with a special focus on Central Europe and the Baltic States.

Prior to coming to the Marshall Center he was Professor of National Security Affairs at the U.S. Naval War College, an Adjunct Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Europe Program) and an affiliate of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies at Harvard University.  From 1988-2015 he was the M.W. Buckman Distinguished Professor of International Studies at Rhodes College.  From 2013-14, he was a Senior Fellow at the Center for European Policy Analysis in Washington, D.C. where he focused on defense programming. From 2011–13, he was a Senior Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMFUS) and the founding director of the GMFUS Warsaw office. From 2009-10, he was a Senior Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. He served as Professor of National Security Studies and Director of Studies of the Senior Executive Seminar at the Marshall Center from 2005-09.  Previously, he was a Visiting Scholar at the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace at Stanford University, a Public Policy Scholar at the Wilson Center, and a Research Associate at the Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies at the George Washington University.  

He is a regular contributor for the column “On Europe and Security”, in The American Interest, a non-partisan journal devoted to the broad theme of “America in the world”. He is also a regular contributor Carnegie Europe's flagship blog "Strategic Europe", where he writes on transatlantic relations, security and defense issues. His books include The Limits of Alliance: The United States, NATO and the EU in North and Central Europe (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006); America’s New Allies: Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic in NATO, editor and contributor, (The University of Washington Press, 1999); The Soldier-Citizen: The Politics of the Polish Army after Communism (St. Martin’s Press, 1997); Polish Foreign Policy Reconsidered: Challenges of Independence (St. Martin’s Press, 1995), co-author and co-editor w/Ilya Prizel; The Government and Politics of Postcommunist Europe (Praeger Publishers, 1994); Post-Communist Eastern Europe: Crisis and Reform (St. Martin's Press and Johns Hopkins Foreign Policy Institute, 1992), co-editor and contributor w/Ilya Prizel; East Central Europe After the Warsaw Pact: Security Dilemmas in the 1990s (Greenwood Press, 1992); and Red Eagle: The Army in Polish Politics, 1944-1988 (Hoover Press, 1990).

His most recent book with Paal Hilde, The Future of NATO: Regional Defense and Global Security was published by the University of Michigan Press in 2014. 

Dr. Michta is fluent in Polish and Russian and proficient in German and French. 



Official biography
Amb. Douglas Griffiths

Douglas Griffiths, Ambassador

Associate Director for International Liaison
George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies

Ambassador Douglas Griffiths is the Associate Director for International Liaison for the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies.

Ambassador Griffiths joined the Foreign Service in 1988 and has served in Quebec City, Canada, Lisbon, Portugal, and Maputo, Mozambique before returning to Washington, D.C. Upon completion of the Department of State’s nine-month economic course, Ambassador Griffiths worked on the South Africa desk during that country’s transition to democracy.

In Rabat, Morocco, he served as First Secretary of Economic Affairs, specializing in economic development and trade promotion. As Counselor for International Economic Affairs at the U.S. Mission in Geneva, Ambassador Griffiths advanced U.S. economic, development, and environmental goals at the United Nations. Ambassador Griffiths served as Deputy Chief of Mission and Chargé d’Affaires, a.i. at the United States Embassy to the Republic of Haiti from 2004 to 2006, where the United States played a leading role responding to natural disasters and making significant improvements in Haiti’s public health sector. As principal officer at the United States Consulate General in Guayaquil, Ecuador, Ambassador Griffiths led a team of eighty professionals to protect and advance U.S. interests in the commercial and agriculture heartland of Ecuador, including the Galapagos Islands.

Ambassador Griffiths returned to the U.S. Mission to the United Nations in Geneva in 2009, as the Deputy Permanent Representative.  In this role, was the chief operating officer and strategist for the largest U.S. multilateral mission.  He championed the return of U.S. representation on the Human Rights Council, while focusing on humanitarian affairs, global health and facilitating global economic growth. 

President Barak Obama nominated Griffiths as the eleventh Ambassador to the Republic of Mozambique on March 29, 2012.  As Ambassador, he supervised the implementation of over $500 million a year in assistance for economic growth, conservation, trade promotion, health, agriculture, education and sustainable development.  He actively promoted conflict resolution, and good governance with strong engagement with civil society.

Ambassador Griffiths graduated magna cum laude from the University of Notre Dame with a degree in government. He also holds a master's degree in public policy from Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School. He speaks French, Portuguese and Spanish.



Official biography
COL Joerg Prescher

Colonel Jörg Prescher (German Air Force)

Senior German Officer & Deputy Dean for Non-Resident Programs
George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies

Jörg Prescher is a General Staff Officer in the German Air Force. His fields of expertise are military and security policy as well as planning and conducting of composite air operations.  


National and international military and security policy (German Ministry of Defense, NATO HQ, OSCE); NATO-Russia relations; international arms control & armaments cooperation;

Confidence-building measures; principles of contemporary leadership; NATO Integrated Air and Missile Defense.

Military Career:

In 1981 Jörg Prescher joined the Bundeswehr after receiving his higher education entrance qualification in July 1981. After completing his officer training program he studied Educational Science specializing in Adult Education at the Bundeswehr University in Munich from 1982 to 1986. Then he had several demanding assignments as Fire Control Officer, Squadron Operations Officer and Squadron Commander in different surface-to-air missile systems (Hawk & Roland) as well as in NATO air defense units.

In 1994 he entered the 39th General Staff Air Force Officer Course at the German Federal Armed Forces Command and Staff College in Hamburg, which he successfully completed in 1996. Then he was tasked with the following General Staff assignments: from 1996-1998 as Academic Operations Officer in the Air Force Department at the Federal Armed Forces Command and Staff College in Hamburg;  from 1998-2000 as Assistant to the Head of Division for Planning, Logistics and Armament at the Air Force Staff in the Ministry of Defense in Bonn; from 2000-2003 as Assistant to the German Military Representative at the MC/NATO, EU and WEU at the NATO HQ in Brussels; from 2003-2005 as Deputy PASS Course Director and lecturer at the George C. Marshall Center in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. From 2005-2006 he studied National Security Affairs (Middle East Studies) at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA.

During his next assignment as Deputy Commanding Officer of the Air Force Surface-to-Air Missile Wing 5 (Patriot surface-to-air missile system) in Erding COL Prescher completed the Senior Course 112 at the NATO Defense College in Rome. Then he was tasked with further General Staff assignments: from 2008-2010 he was responsible for NATO Armaments Cooperation in the Ministry of Defense in Bonn; from 2010-2013 he was Military Advisor to the Permanent Representative of the Federal Republic of Germany to the OSCE in Vienna, Austria.  

Before joining the GCMC on 1 October 2015 as Senior German Officer and Head of the German Element, he was Director of the 10th National General/Admiral Staff Officer Course (LGAN 2013) at the German Federal Armed Forces Command and Staff College in Hamburg.

Official biography
berger johann

Johann Berger (Brigadier General, ret.)

German Deputy Director
George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies

Johann Berger is a retired German Army Brigadier General. Prior to joining the Marshall Center he was the Commander of the Bavarian Regional Command from 01 February 2013 to November 2013.

Military Career

BG Berger joined the mountain infantry as an officer candidate after completing his final secondary-school exams (Abitur) in 1971. From 1976 to 1979 he served as a platoon leader in the Mountain Infantry Battalion 231; and in 1980 he became the chief of the battalion's 2nd company. From 1984 to 1986 he was a student at the German Armed Forces Command and Staff College, after that he had an assignment as the G2op of the 2nd Corps in Ulm. From 1987 to 1990 he served as the G3 of the Mountain Infantry Brigade 23 in his home town Bad Reichenhall; after that he was the commander of the Mountain Infantry Battalion 232 in Berchtesgaden for one year.

From 1991 to 1993 he served as a desk officer at the German Ministry of Defense, followed by an assignment as the director of the General/Admiral Staff Officer Course at the German Armed Forces Command and Staff College in Hamburg. In 1995 he took up the position of Chief of Staff of the military sub-district command VIII/14th armored infantry division in Neubrandenburg. In 1997/98 he attended the United States Army War College in Carlisle (Pennsylvania).  After his return from the US he became the commander of the Mountain Infantry Brigade 23 in Bad Reichenhall. In 1999, during the SFOR mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina, he was the commander of the DFGFA (Deutsch-Französische Gruppe/Groupement Franco-Allemand) in Rajlovac for several months. In 2001, he served as the commander of the Infantry School in Hammelburg.  In the same year he was promoted to general of the infantry.

From 2007 to January 2013 he was the deputy commander in chief of the military sub-district command IV, based at Fürst-Wrede-Kaserne in Munich. Starting 01 February 2013 he served as the Commander of the Regional Command in Bavaria. He retired from active service in November 2013. In February 2015, BG (ret.) Berger joined the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Garmisch-Partenkirchen as German Deputy Director.

Awards and decorations

  • NATO medal
  • Bundeswehr Cross of Honor (in silver and gold)
  • Médaille de la Défense nationale (in gold) of the French Republic
  • Medal for outstanding services of the Republic of Albania
  • Officer's Cross of the Ordre National du Mérite of the French Republic
  • Bavarian Order of Merit